image for closer photos and spectrum charts.
In 2017 I returned to Germany and photographed several more of the artifacts, concentrating on tools and physical evidence of human
manufacture, both in these and in the Figure
Stones. These photos are in the (slow) process
of being added to those from 2015.
find site in the 1980s.
Judging from currently available geostratigraphic data and varying professional opinions, Mrs. Benekendorff's artifact material, retrieved from seven to eighteen meters (23'-60') down in a quarried gravel pit, is currently hypothesized to likely be from both Saalian and Elsterian glacial till along with some end-stage Weichselian solifluction soil in the upper stratum.
And all this overlies or has intruded into fossil-bearing Miocene micaceous
clay. A more precise determination of the area's geostratigraphy (a bit of a mess) will require much further investigation and inquiry, depending on available time and resources. Meanwhile there is the drawing below from fall 1983 of the quarry's east wall by Lewandowski for Dr. Hans-Jürgen Lierl (Univ. of Hamburg) apparently showing schematically, and not to scale, the stratigraphic components from Weichselian down to Miocene.
(Thanks to Dr.
James Harrod for making me aware of this drawing.)
Doctorate-level European flint experts, looking at high-resolution photos of the finds, have identified the
flint material of which the artifacts were
manufactured as having originated in Denmark, Sweden, and the Baltic Sea area.
Conservatively assuming the most recent artifact material to have been transported by the Weichselian ice sheet and mixed with that from the Saalian, it seems reasonable to think, at least tentatively,
that the artifacts' age overall may range from early Middle Palaeolithic to Upper Palaeolithic, or very roughly 300,000 to 25,000 years BP.
The morphology/typology of confirmed artifacts in the assemblage seems reasonably consistent with this.
If some of the artifacts have been transported by
the Elsterian ice sheet, these could be Lower
Palaeolithic, or as old as 500,000 years.
this has interesting implications for the long-held
belief that humans and/or their predecessors did not
venture as far north as Scandinavia.
No claim is made that this was a formal controlled archaeological dig, being more of a
salvage operation (and a rather heroic one at that).
The evidence is simply presented for further consideration and investigation, which it clearly deserves.
a verified Acheulean-style (Middle
Palaeolithic?) handaxe from the site,
made of flint likely having originated in
HERE to see
some of the artifacts.