Portable Rock Art (Figure Stones) in 



The Venus of Pampau - Ursel Benekendorff Find

The Venus of Pampau

Flaking on a Flint Nodule

Recovered by Ursel Benekendorff from glacial till at Groß Pampau in 1986

Click HERE to read a professional assessment of this artifact.


Mrs. Ursel Benekendorff, German Figure Stones Researcher

Mrs. Benekendorff's own website is schafftwissen.de


Since 1984 Ursel Benekendorff has devoted much of her life to the recovery, preservation, and analysis of artifacts from glacial till far beneath the current terrain surface at Groß Pampau near Hamburg.  In 2015 I photographed a few of her Figure Stones and Acheulean handaxes, some of which have now been conclusively confirmed as artifacts by several professional archaeologists and by Dr. Eric Law, petrologist and professor of geology, who examined the flint "Venus" figure at Muskingum University in Ohio. 


To see some of the photographed artifacts click on the image below:

Groß Pampau Flint Artifacts, Ursel Benekendorff Finds

In the Geosciences Dept. of Akron University in Ohio, the strange zoomorphic- looking flint shown below, with tooth-like pebbles wedged into a crevice, has been determined by XRF/EDS spectroscopy (Prof. Thomas Quick) to have been artificially colored with red ochre, both powdered and in a paste-like matrix of not-yet-determined composition:

Flint Artifact with Red Ochre Powder and Paste, Groß Pampau

Click image for closer photos and spectrum charts.


In 2017 I returned to Germany and photographed several more of the artifacts, concentrating on tools and physical evidence of human manufacture, both in these and in the Figure Stones.  These photos are in the (slow) process of being added to those from 2015.

Groß Pampau Quarry, Palaeolithic Archaeological Site

Groß Pampau Quarry, Palaeolithic Archaeological Site

The find site in the 1980s.

Judging from currently available geostratigraphic data and varying professional opinions, Mrs. Benekendorff's artifact material, retrieved from seven to eighteen meters (23'-60') down in a quarried gravel pit, is tentatively thought to be from a mix of Saalian and some end-stage Weichselian glacial till possibly along with some Elsterian, and definitely with fossil-bearing Miocene mica clay into which the glacial till had intruded.  A more precise determination of the area's geostratigraphy (a bit of a mess) will require much further investigation and inquiry, depending on available time and resources.

So far, some European doctorate-level flint experts, looking at high-resolution photos, have identified the likely source of the raw flint material as Denmark, Sweden, and the Baltic Sea area.

Conservatively assuming the most recent artifact material to have been transported by the Weichselian ice sheet and mixed with that from the Saalian, it seems reasonable to think, at least tentatively, that the age of the artifact material overall may range from early Middle Palaeolithic to Upper Palaeolithic, or very roughly 300,000 to 30,000 years BP.  The morphology/typology of confirmed artifacts in the assemblage seems reasonably consistent with this.

No claim is made that this was a formal controlled archaeological dig, being more of a salvage operation.  The evidence is simply presented for further consideration and investigation, which it clearly deserves.

Acheulean Handaxe, Groß Pampau, Ursel Benekendorff Find

Above, a verified Acheulean-style (Middle Palaeolithic?) handaxe from the site, made of flint likely having originated in southern Sweden.



Hamburg-Wittenbergen, putatively 200,000 years BP

(Photo by Prof. Walther Matthes)


Note the common primal theme of one eye open, one eye closed or partly closed.  Below, compare the eyes and the shape of the mouth of the German figure with those on a sandstone petroglyph at Day's Knob:



Kurt Kocher in Hessen has, for many years, been collecting and assessing lithic material very similar to that presented on this website, notably from the Battenberg/Pfalz area.

His website is http://www.hekoverlag.de


Since 2004 Hans Grams in the Rheinland has been discovering artifact material of the kind presented on this website.  This is now shown on his website, along with his own interesting hypotheses.

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