Portable Rock Art (Figure Stones) in 



The Venus of Pampau - Ursel Benekendorff Find

The Venus of Pampau

Flaking on a Flint Nodule

Recovered by Ursel Benekendorff from glacial till at Groß Pampau in 1986

Click HERE to read a professional assessment of this artifact.


Ursel Benekendorff's Stone Age Art website displays some of her extensive collection of Figure Stones from northern Germany and the Canary Islands.  Many of the motifs characterizing this material closely resemble those in the artifacts from the much more recent 33GU218 site in Ohio, in some cases almost to the point of being identical, although of different lithic material.  In addition to anthropomorphic imagery, a readily identifiable bird motif is well represented.  Years ago, Prof. Walther Matthes of the University of Hamburg recognized and researched such material, and  Mrs. Benekendorff made his acquaintance in the later part of his life.  Since 1984, she has devoted much of her life to the recovery, preservation, and interpretation of artifacts from glacial till far beneath the current terrain surface at Groß Pampau in the same general geographical area, independently confirming their existence and importance.  In 2006, anthropologist and rock art expert Dr. Arsen Faradzhev spent several days microscopically examining Mrs. Benekendorff's artifacts, determining human agency to be in evidence.  In 2015 Alan Day photographed several of her Figure Stones and Acheulean handaxes, some of which have now been confirmed as artifacts by professional archaeologists and by Dr. Eric Law, petrologist and professor of geology, who examined the Venus figure at Muskingum University in Ohio.  Some of the photographs can be seen by clicking on the image below:

(Click on image to see more.)

Judging from currently available geostratigraphy data, Mrs. Benekendorff's lithic material, from deep in a quarried gravel pit, is likely from Saalian and/or Weichselian glacial till.  Conservatively assuming Weichselian, the artifact material is likely from the Eemian interglacial period, roughly 115,000-130,000 years before present, i.e. Middle Paleolithic, although no claim is made that this was a formal controlled archaeological dig.  The evidence is simply presented for further consideration and investigation, which it clearly deserves.

Acheulean Handaxe from Groß Pampau - Ursel Benekendorff Find

Above, a verified Acheulean handaxe from the site,  made of flint likely having originating in southern Sweden.


Hamburg-Wittenbergen, putatively 200,000 years BP

(Photo by Prof. Walther Matthes)


Note the common primal theme of one eye open, one eye closed or partly closed.  Below, compare the eyes and the shape of the mouth of the German figure with those on a sandstone petroglyph at Day's Knob:



Kurt Kocher in Hessen has, for many years, been collecting and assessing lithic material very similar to that presented on this website, notably from the Battenberg/Pfalz area.

His website is http://www.hekoverlag.de


Since 2004 Hans Grams in the Rheinland has been discovering artifact material of the kind presented on this website.  This is now shown on his website, along with his own interesting hypotheses.

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