Ursel Benekendorff Finds

Groß Pampau, Northern Germany (1980s & 1990s)

In glacial till approx. 7 to 18 m (23'-60') beneath the current terrain surface.

Artifacts mostly of flint apparently from Sweden, Denmark, and Baltic Sea area.

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Photography by Alan Day in Geesthacht, Germany and Cambridge, Ohio.

This is only a very small sampling.

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UBCH01

Palaeolithic Chopper Tool, Flint, Groß Pampau

Apparently a  Mode-1-style chopper, enhanced on its proximal surface to provide an ergonomic hand grip.  Clearly man-made - note the distinct localized impact scars and percussion ripples.
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UBCH02

Palaeolithic Chopper Tool, Flint, Groß Pampau

Apparently another  Mode-1-style chopper.

 

 

UBFK01

Acheulean Handaxe, Groß Pampau

Acheulean Handaxe, Groß Pampau

 

 

UBFK02

Palaeolithic Handaxe, Groß Pampau

Note distinct impact scar and ripples at lower/right end of long flake removal.

      

 

xUBFK04

Miniature Palaeolithic Handaxe, Groß Pampau

 

 

xUBFK05

Levallois Handaxe, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

xUBFK06

Levallois Quartzite Handaxe, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

xUBFK07

Palaeolithic Handaxe, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

UBFK08

Handaxe (Prototype?) with Apparent Bas Relief Figure 

(Figure in third & fourth photos down)

Palaeolithic Handaxe, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Above and below, note distinct impact scar, bulb of percussion, and impact ripples at upper/left end of long flake removal.

Impact Scar/Ripples on Handaxe Preform, Groß Pampau

Bas Relief Figure on Handaxe Preform, Groß Pampau

Above and below, figure in relief (laminar reduction?)

Bas Relief Figure on Handaxe Preform, Groß Pampau

 

 

xUBJ01

Jasper Hand Tool, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Jasper Hand Tool, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

xUBJ02

Jasper Hand Tool, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Jasper Hand Tool, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

xUBFG0002

Flint Blade Tools, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

xUBS01

Palaeolithic Flint Hand Tool, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Palaeolithic Flint Hand Tool, Groß Pampau, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

xUBC03

Scraper/Chopper with Red Ochre Residue on Edge

(Photo of edge forthcoming)

Palaeolithic Flint Scraper/Chopper, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Palaeolithic Flint Scraper/Chopper, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

xUBG01

Bird-form Gouge with Red Pigment Residue

Groß Pampau Artifact - Bird-form Gouge with Red Pigment Residue

Groß Pampau Artifact - Flint Gouge with Red Pigment Residue

Groß Pampau Artifact - Flint Gouge with Red Pigment Residue

Groß Pampau Artifact - Flint Gouge with Red Pigment Residue

Groß Pampau Artifact - Flint Gouge, Retouched Blade

Above, blade retouch.

Groß Pampau Artifact - Flint Gouge, Flaking Impact Scar and Ripples

Above and below, distinct localized impact scars and percussion ripples.

Groß Pampau Artifact - Flint Gouge, Flaking Impact Scars

Groß Pampau Artifact - Red Pigment Residue on Flint Gouge

Pigmented area approx. 2 mm long.

 

 

UBV01

Venus of Pampau - Flint Artifact from Northern Germany

Venus of Pampau - Flint Artifact from Northern Germany

Venus of Pampau - Left Breast, Flaking Impact Scar

Above, figure's left breast. 

Note distinct impact scar, bulb of percussion, and impact ripples.

Venus of Pampau - Parallel Flaking Scars, Cortex Trimming

Above, note multiple parallel flake removals and trimming of cortex.

Venus of Pampau - Face

Red and blue pigment under clear lacquer-like material on figure's left eye.

Red  = iron oxide?  Blue = manganese oxide?  More lab work ahead...

 

 

UBB01

Flint Bird Figure, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

UBB02

Flint Bird Figure, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Flint Bird Figure, Groß Pampau, Parallel Flaking, Impact Ripples

 

 

UBB04

Flint Bird Figure, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

UBB05

Flint Bird Figure, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

UBB03

Flint Bird Figure, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany; Parallel Flake Removals

Note multiple long parallel flake removals.

 

 

UBM01

Flint "Mask", Groß Pampau Artifact, Northern Germany

Flaking Scars & Impact Ripples, Flint "Mask", Groß Pampau

Note multiple distinct localized impact scars with percussion ripples.

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UBBL01

Fired Limonite Bowl or Lamp, Artifact From Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Fired Limonite Bowl or Lamp, Artifact From Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Apparent lamp of fired limonite (yellow ochre).

 

 

UBBL02

Flint Bowl, Artifact From Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

UBST01

Flint Figure with Inserted Pebbles, Red Ochre Powder and Paste Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

Flint Figure with Red Ochre Powder, Groß Pampau Artifact

Flint Figure with Red Ochre Powder, Groß Pampau Artifact

Flint Figure with Red Ochre Paste, Groß Pampau Artifact

Spectrum Chart, Flint Artifact with Red Ochre Powder and Paste

Above:  Spectrum charts, compositional analysis with XRF/EDS at the University of Akron's Geosciences Department.

Below:  Electron microscopy image showing probable artificial modification at  the crevice containing the pebbles. 

Groß Pampau Flint Artifact with Inserted Pebbles, Electron Microscopy Image

 

UBGS01

Flint "Stargazer" Figure, Groß Pampau Artifact, Northern Germany

Below, the reverse side of the figure.  Note the multiple parallel flake removals.

 

 

UBGS02

 

 

UBFI04

Flint Artifact Trimmed to Frame Fossil(?) Inclusion, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Fossil(?) inclusion framed by flaking.

 

UBFI05

Palaeolithic Flint Pick, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Fossil(?) inclusion in flint pick.

 

UBFI02

Flint Artifact Trimmed to Frame Echinoid Fossil Inclusion, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

UBFI03

Flint Artifact Flaked to Frame Fossil(?) Inclusion, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Flint Artifact Flaked to Frame Fossil(?) Inclusion, Groß Pampau

 

 

UBC01

Flint Figure with Echinoid Fossil Inclusion, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

Flint Figure with Echinoid Fossil Inclusion, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

UBC02

Flint Artifact with Inserted Pebble, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Flint Artifact with Inserted Pebble, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

 

UBKSCH01

Crosshatch Engraving on Two Sides of Quartzite Rock, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Crosshatch Engraving on Two Sides of Quartzite Rock, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Crosshatch Engraving on Quartzite Rock, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

Engraving on Quartzite Rock, Groß Pampau, Northern Germany

 

Copyright Alan Day 2015-2018

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